Planning is fundamental to preparedness, resilience, and emergency management. The engagement of the"Whole Community" - individuals, families, communities - of all skills and abilities, the private and nonprofit sectors, non-governmental organizations, and all levels of government results in the soundest decisions, assessment of risks, prioritization of needs, building and delivery of capabilities, and evaluations of success.
- The National Preparedness Goal is “a secure and resilient nation with the capabilities required across the whole community to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from the threats and hazards that pose the greatest risk.”
- The National Preparedness System integrates organized processes for the whole community to accomplish preparedness activities and achieve the National Preparedness Goal.
- Core Capabilities are the means to accomplish identified objectives, executing critical tasks, to target levels of performance. The capacity to reach capability targets should be used to focus attention in Training and Exercise Plans (TEPs) and in funding allocations.
- Whole Communities A government-centric approach to disaster management will not be enough to meet the challenges posed by a catastrophic incident so the importance of involving the “Whole Community” can’t be overstated. The Whole Community concept means that residents, emergency management practitioners, organizational and community leaders, and government officials work together to understand and assess their communities’ needs and decide the best ways to organize and strengthen their resources.
- National Incident Management System - NIMS promotes a common set of concepts, terminology and organizational processes that facilitate effective, efficient and collaborative incident management by diverse partners, including communities, the private sector, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and all levels of government. The adoption of NIMS by State, tribal, and local organizations is a condition for Federal preparedness assistance through grants, contracts, and other activities.
- Integrating NIMS into Local and Tribal EOPs and SOPs Although dated, this short document gives useful basic information on the components that an Emergency Operations Plan and Operational Plans and Procedures should include.
- Developing and Maintaining EOPs - Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG 101 v. 2) is the foundational standard in developing emergency operations plans (EOPs) and gives key concepts to use for any planning activity.
- Conducting a Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) CPG 201 v.2 describes a standard process to identify community-specific threats and hazards, set capability targets, and estimate needed resources.
National Planning Frameworks:
The National Planning Frameworks describe how all partners work together to achieve the National Preparedness Goal: "A secure and resilient nation with the capabilities required across the whole community to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recovery from the threats and hazards that pose the greatest risk."
- Prevention Framework describes what should be done prior to, during, and after the discovery of an imminent threat of terrorism.
- Protection Framework details how communities safeguard themselves against acts of terrorism, natural disasters and other threats and hazards.
- Mitigation Framework explains the roles, responsibilities and actions to take to avoid, reduce, or transfer risks to long-term risks to people and their property.
- Response Framework covers the capabilities necessary to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs after an incident has occurred.
- Recovery Framework gives context to how the community works together to get back on its feet and focus on efforts to restore, redevelop and revitalize the health, social, economic, natural and environmental aspects of the community.