Taking steps to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to life, communities, property and the environment is called Hazard Mitigation. Hazard Mitigation planning helps identify what can be done to prevent natural disasters from causing loss of life or injury, damage to the community, and to reduce the financial costs of a disaster. Mitigation Planning also helps identify what can be done to protect the economic, cultural and environmental assets in a community.
When performing mitigation planning, community policies or actions should be identified and put into action to reduce future losses. These policies and actions are based on identified hazards, vulnerabilities and risks, and requires a wide range of community and public participation. Mitigation planning is a Whole Community project. The whole community assess their vulnerabilities and risks, and identifies what they can do to reduce those risks.
Mitigation planning helps bring the whole community together to work towards a common goal, to make their community a safer, better, more resilient community. Members of the community, from public, private and non-profit organizations to the individual community member form partnerships to achieve this goal. If a disaster does strike, the steps taken by these partners reduce the impacts felt in the community, and the established partnerships assist in a more effective and efficient recovery.
For more information about Mitigation Planning, please visit https://www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-planning-resources